The great thing about vinyl tile is that it looks great and is affordable. Vinyl tile has been improved over the years so it now offers greater durability and the designs range from rich and elegant to casual and fun. With this type of flooring, you can choose to have a professional install it from a roll or you can purchase self-adhesive tile and do it yourself. With the self-adhesive style, you simply remove the backing and stick it on the floor.
You can buy non-adhesive vinyl tile as well but in this case, you will need to cover the floor with a special tile adhesive and use a trowel to spread it on and create a groove to help the tile stick. The only real advantages to using the tile over the rolled vinyl is that there are obviously more edges that can come loose more often. Additionally, if the tile will be placed in a room such as the kitchen where you will be doing a lot of mopping, the water will get down into the cracks where dust can gather, making it difficult to clean.
To determine the appropriate number of tiles, start by using 12-inch tiles, which are standard. You will take the width and multiply it by the length of the room where the tile will go. The number you come up with is the number of tiles needed. However, you also need to add 5% to allow for waste and cutting.
If your find the design you like in nine-inch tiles, you would need to take the length of the room by nine and then divide it by the width of the room by nine. The two numbers you come up with should then be multiplied together to determine the number of tiles needed. Again, add the 5% for waste and cutting. If the room where the vinyl tile will go has appliances or built furniture, you can measure each and then subtract that space from the number of tiles needed.
Before the vinyl tile is laid, the sub flooring will need to be prepared. You also want to ensure the underlayment layers of the floor are structurally sound. If there is old linoleum on the floor, the vinyl can be placed directly on top as long as the surface is clean and smooth. Depending on the condition of the linoleum, you may need to strip off any wax or grease buildup. If the flooring were old, you would do best to have it replaced, as it may contain asbestos.
It is also important to keep in mind that any imperfections in the floor will be mirrored once the vinyl tile is laid. That means any holes or bumpiness in the underlayment would show right through the new floor. Therefore, if you find that there are irregularities with the underlayment, you can use floor compound to fill the holes and then sand smooth.
Finally, make sure the distance between the bottom of the doors and the new floor id adequate. Before the floor goes down, the baseboards should be removed and trim installed.